Permanent Working Capital Loan | Securing Stability for Your Business


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Running a successful business requires a careful balance of assets and liabilities, ensuring a smooth flow of operations and adequate financial stability. One essential component in this equation is working capital, the capital needed to fund day-to-day operations and meet short-term obligations. In this article, we will delve into the concept of permanent working capital and explore how obtaining a permanent working capital loan can provide a stable financial foundation for your business.

What is Permanent Working Capital?

Permanent working capital refers to the minimum level of current assets required by a business to sustain its operations and fulfill its ongoing financial obligations. Unlike temporary working capital, which fluctuates with seasonal demands and short-term projects, permanent working capital remains constant throughout the year. It covers expenses such as inventory replenishment, employee wages, and recurring overhead costs.

What are the three types of Working Capital?

The three main types of working capital are:

  1. Gross Working Capital: This refers to a company’s total current assets (assets that can be converted into cash within a year). It includes cash, accounts receivable, inventory, marketable securities, and other liquid assets.
  2. Net Working Capital: This is calculated as current assets minus current liabilities. It represents the liquid assets remaining after short-term liabilities have been paid off. A positive net working capital means a company can meet its short-term obligations.
  3. Operating Working Capital: This measures the day-to-day operating liquidity available. It is calculated as current assets minus cash and equivalents minus current liabilities. It excludes cash that is not used for operations.

Some key points about these types:

  • Gross working capital shows the total current assets available but does not account for liabilities.
  • Net working capital is a more meaningful measure of liquidity as it excludes liabilities due within the year.
  • Operating working capital focuses on just the liquidity available for day-to-day operations.
  • Companies aim to maintain positive net working capital to demonstrate short-term financial health.
  • Negative working capital means current liabilities exceed current assets which may hinder operations.
  • The optimal working capital level depends on factors like industry, business model, growth phase.

What is an example of a Permanent Working Capital Loan?

A permanent working capital loan is a type of business financing that provides ongoing access to capital to meet a company’s regular operating expenses and short-term obligations. Here is an example:

ABC Company secures a $500,000 permanent working capital loan from a bank. The loan agreement states that ABC Company can draw down on the $500,000 as needed to cover operating costs like payroll, rent, inventory purchases, etc. As ABC pays back the amounts drawn, that capital becomes available to withdraw again if needed, for the duration of the loan term, which may be 1-2 years or longer.

The key features of this permanent working capital loan are:

  • It provides flexible access to capital on an as-needed basis up to the $500,000 limit
  • ABC does not have to draw the full $500,000 amount immediately but can utilize it incrementally
  • As repayments are made, the repaid capital can be borrowed again if needed
  • It supports ABC’s short-term operating liquidity needs on an ongoing basis
  • The loan has a defined term length (e.g. 12 months) but ABC can continue accessing the capital during that term

What is the difference between working Capital and Permanent working Capital?

The main differences between working capital and permanent working capital are:

Working Capital

  • Refers to a company’s current assets minus current liabilities
  • Represents liquidity available to fund day-to-day operations
  • Fluctuates constantly as cash flows in and out of the business
  • Needs to be monitored and managed to ensure sufficient liquidity

Permanent Working Capital

  • Specifically refers to a fixed sum line of credit or loan
  • Provides continual access to capital up to a set limit
  • Businesses can drawdown, repay, and re-borrow as needed
  • Provides ongoing funding for working capital needs
  • Remains in place on a long-term basis (1-2 years)
  • Provides assured liquidity within the credit limit
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In summary:

  • Working capital is an accounting concept that measures liquidity at a point in time
  • Permanent working capital is a source of financing through a revolving credit facility
  • Working capital varies while permanent working capital remains fixed
  • Permanent working capital funds are used to manage overall working capital needs

So permanent working capital provides an ongoing source of financing to help manage a company’s fluctuating working capital requirements. It is a tool for funding working capital needs.

Importance of Permanent Working Capital

A permanent working capital loan can be an important financing tool for companies for several reasons:

  • Provides continual access to capital – Unlike a one-time loan, a permanent working capital loan allows a business to draw down, repay, and re-borrow funds as needed up to the credit limit. This gives the flexibility to match capital needs.
  • Supports growth – The loan provides funding to invest in inventory, production, human resources, etc. to expand the business. The flexibility of the loan means capital can be accessed to take advantage of growth opportunities.
  • Manages cash flow – Businesses have ongoing liquidity needs. The loan can help smooth out cash flow bumps and shortages to meet daily operating expenses like payroll, rent, etc.
  • Avoids frequent loan applications – With a permanent line of credit, businesses don’t have to constantly re-apply for short-term loans as needs arise. The capital is readily available.
  • Provides emergency funds – Having an established permanent working capital loan allows quick access to capital for unplanned expenses or emergencies.
  • Bolsters supplier relationships – Suppliers may require assured payment terms. The working capital loan provides confidence in making supplier payments on time.
  • Lowers borrowing costs – Interest costs may be lower compared to multiple short-term or seasonal loans. And drawn-down amounts incur interest charges rather than the full unused amount.

Maintaining adequate permanent working capital loans is crucial for the financial health and longevity of a business. It ensures the smooth functioning of day-to-day operations, provides a buffer for unexpected expenses, and allows for flexibility in responding to market fluctuations. Insufficient permanent working capital can lead to cash flow problems, missed opportunities, and even business failure.

Eligibility Criteria for Permanent Working Capital Loans

Here are some typical eligibility criteria and requirements for companies to qualify for permanent working capital loans:

  • Time in business – Most lenders require the business to have been operational for 2+ years to demonstrate a financial track record. Startups may not qualify.
  • Revenue/turnover – The company will need to show minimum annual revenue, often several million dollars, to qualify for the loan amount needed.
  • Cash flow – Steady operating cash flow is required to show the ability to service the loan and interest payments. Minimum debt service coverage ratios may apply.
  • Credit score – The business owners/principals will need a minimum personal credit score, usually in the 600s.
  • Collateral – Hard assets like property, equipment, or inventory may be required as collateral to secure the loan.
  • Financial statements – Audited financial statements for the last 2-3 years need to be submitted. Profitability is a key criterion.
  • Business plan – A business plan projection may be required to demonstrate the need for working capital and the ability to repay.
  • Intended use – Lenders will require a defined business purpose for utilizing the working capital loan.
  • Guarantors – Personal guarantees from directors/shareholders may be needed to further secure the loan.
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What are the requirements for Permanent Working Capital Loan?

When applying for a permanent working capital loan, businesses need to prepare certain documentation. This typically includes financial statements, tax returns, bank statements, business licenses, proof of collateral, and a well-defined business plan. These documents provide lenders with a comprehensive understanding of the business’s financial health and its ability to repay the loan.

Here are some typical requirements for securing permanent working capital financing:

  • Time in business – Most lenders look for companies that have been in business for 2+ years with an established track record.
  • Revenue and cash flow – Sufficient annual revenue (often several million USD) and steady operating cash flow are required to demonstrate repayment ability.
  • Credit score – A minimum personal credit score, usually in the 600s, is required for business owners/principals.
  • Collateral – Hard business assets like property, inventory, or equipment may need to be pledged to secure the permanent working capital loan.
  • Financial statements – Audited financial statements for the last 2-3 years must be submitted. Profitability is evaluated.
  • Projections – A business plan with financial projections may be required to show the need for ongoing working capital.
  • Defined use of funds – Lenders expect a specific business purpose for how the capital will be utilized.
  • Guarantees – Personal guarantees from directors/shareholders may be needed to assure repayment.
  • Debt ratios – Acceptable limits on existing debt levels relative to assets/equity may apply.

Meeting the lender’s requirements demonstrates the business has financial strength and the permanent working capital will be repaid as agreed. The exact terms vary by lender

How to Apply for a Permanent Working Capital Loan

Applying for a permanent working capital loan involves a systematic process. Firstly, businesses should identify potential lenders and compare their terms and interest rates. Once a suitable lender is selected, the application process begins, involving the submission of the required documentation and completion of the lender’s application form. Afterward, the lender evaluates the application and, if approved, disburses the loan amount. you may consider these platforms: Electronic Finance and Erste Bank

Here is a step-by-step guide to applying for a permanent working capital loan:

  • Evaluate needs – Determine the amount of working capital funding you need on an ongoing basis and the purpose it will be used for.
  • Choose a lender – Research lenders like banks, credit unions, and online lenders that offer permanent working capital loans. Compare interest rates and fees.
  • Check eligibility – Ensure you meet the lender’s eligibility criteria for revenue, time in business, credit score, etc.
  • Gather documents – Compile required documents like business financial statements, tax returns, business plans, and personal financial statements.
  • Complete application – Submit the loan application and all supporting documents to the lender. Be responsive to any additional requests.
  • Allow property appraisal – If collateral is required, cooperate with an appraisal of property/assets being used to secure the loan.
  • Accept loan terms – If approved, get legal counsel to review loan terms, covenants, and conditions before signing.
  • Close the loan – Finalize the permanent working capital loan by signing the loan agreement and promissory note.
  • Draw down funds – Once closed, you can begin drawing down funds up to the credit limit as working capital needs arise.
  • Make payments – Repay principal plus interest owed on amounts drawn down based on the repayment schedule.

Following these steps will help secure favorable permanent working capital loan terms and ensure efficient processing of the application. Be organized, transparent, and prompt to demonstrate creditworthiness.

What are the factors of financing a permanent working capital Loan?

Before applying for a capital loan, businesses should carefully evaluate several factors. These include the interest rates and repayment terms offered by different lenders, the impact of loan repayments on cash flow, the purpose for which the loan will be utilized, and the overall financial feasibility of taking on additional debt. A thorough assessment of these factors ensures that the loan aligns with the business’s long-term objectives.

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Here are some important factors businesses should consider before applying for a permanent working capital loan:

  • Interest rates – Compare interest rates from different lenders, factoring in origination/admin fees. Seek the most competitive rate.
  • Loan term – Choose a term length aligning with how long you need access to working capital. 12-24 months is common.
  • Drawdown structure – Evaluate options like fixed vs revolving credit limits and timing of capital availability.
  • Repayment schedule – Assess cash flow timing to begin principal repayments. Interest is paid on amounts drawn.
  • Collateral required – Review if assets like property or equipment need to be pledged to secure the loan.
  • Loan covenants – Understand loan conditions like revenue targets, capital expenditure limits, etc.
  • Tax implications – Consult an accountant on the tax deductibility of interest expenses.
  • Impact on financials – Consider the increase in liabilities and how it impacts key ratios.
  • Alternative financing – Weigh other funding options like business lines of credit, factoring, etc.
  • Operational needs – Ensure the credit limit and drawdown structure aligns with projected working capital needs.
  • Contingency plan – Have a backup plan if the full credit limit cannot be secured as requested.

Evaluating these factors will help business owners make an informed decision on whether a permanent working capital loan is the right financing solution for their needs and cash flow capacity.

Repayment of Permanent Working Capital Loans

Repayment of permanent working capital loans typically occurs over an extended period, ranging from a few months to several years. Lenders provide various repayment options, including monthly installments, bullet payments, or customized structures based on the business’s cash flow. It is essential for businesses to manage their finances effectively to meet repayment obligations and maintain a positive credit history.

Permanent working capital loans are usually structured for repayment in the following manner:

  • Interest-only payments – During an initial period, often 6-12 months, the borrower makes interest-only payments on amounts drawn from the credit facility. This helps ease cash flow.
  • Principal repayments – After the interest-only period, principal repayments kick in through equal monthly installments over the remaining loan term.
  • Interest ongoing – Interest continues to be paid every month on outstanding amounts borrowed from the credit line.
  • Revolving credit – As the principal is repaid, it can be borrowed again if needed up to the credit limit.
  • Fixed maturity – At maturity, generally 1-3 years, the full remaining balance must be repaid.
  • Early repayment – Loans may allow early full repayment with some penalty interest.
  • Guarantees – Repayment is often personally guaranteed by company directors.
  • Secured lending – Collateral property or assets may be seized if repayment obligations are defaulted.
  • Regular monitoring – Lenders monitor financial statements to ensure repayment capacity.


Securing permanent working capital is vital for businesses to maintain stability and ensure uninterrupted operations. capital loans offer a viable solution to meet long-term financial needs, providing stability, flexibility, and growth opportunities. However, businesses must carefully consider their financial position, repayment capabilities, and risk management strategies before availing themselves of these loans. By making informed decisions, businesses can leverage permanent working capital loans to achieve sustainable growth and thrive in a competitive marketplace.

Hello, my name is Joseph Samaritan and I am a blogger who writes about various topics of interest, I have a passion for learning and sharing knowledge through my blog, I welcome feedback and comments on my posts and I look forward to engaging with you, thank you for visiting my blog and I hope you enjoy reading it.


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